The domestic shipping in Germany is especially important on the rivers Rhine, Main, Danube, Moselle, Neckar, Weser, Elbe, Oder and Havel as well as…
… on different canals like the Dortmund-Ems Canal, the Mittelland Canal, the Elbe-Havel Canal, the Elbe lateral canal, the Main-Danube Canal as well as on the Oder-Havel Canal.
There are about 7,300 kilometers of inland waterways, of it 75 % rivers and 25 % canals in Germany.
According to the Federal Ministry of Transport, Buildings and Urban Affairs (BMVBS), 56 of the 74 German metropolitan areas are connected to waterways.
Opposite to road and railroad, domestic shipping is the most efficient transport carrier.
A ship with a load capacity of 1,000 tons transports as much as 40 trucks or one cargo train.
The German canal system has a network of inland ports spanning the entire country and thus Central Europe.
These inland ports are especially used for cargo and freight shipping and serve the supply as well as the import and export of the entire region.
First of all, cargo ships transport containers, coal and ore, agricultural products, petroleum and petroleum products, construction materials, steel and metallic recycling goods as well as hazardous goods.